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Below we have compiled a list of some of the existing treatments for acne, as well as information on acne itself.

(We aim to present to you the various alternatives proposed by both traditional medicine and non-medicinal treatments that address the problems of skin imperfections for those suffering from a mixed to oily complexion).

Acne, and treatment of acne

Straight forward definitions of the different types of acne and the advantages and inconveniences of the existing treatments for acne.

Small imperfections, open pores or too much shininess can make life miserable for many of us. Yet there doesn't seem to be a one-size-fits-all solution - Why can't we all be the same when facing these problems? What causes these problems and how can we solve them?

We have summarised some current solutions and habits that can be performed on a daily basis, as well as certain treatments of a more serious nature that should only be carried out under the advice and guidance of your medical professional.

Black, White or Red heads: Acne related skin problems affect 80% of people aged 11 to 30 years old. 1 out of every 20 adults are prone to persistent acne flare-ups.

Whatever your age, acne occurs as a result of an obstruction in the sebaceous glands (producers of sebum) and the arrival of lesions - blackheads and infected spots.
A multitude of treatments, both medical and holistic, exist for acne.

However, very often these produce disappointing results and sometimes sever discomfort; for example:
some cases call for Acidic Vitamin A, which requires an avoidance of the sun combined with of course of oral antibiotics.

A Step-by-Step Guide to the progression of acne

1) Hyper Seborrhoea

During adolescence, a hormone called testosterone stimulates the sebaceous glands. This causes them to produce an excessive quantity of sebum. It is this sebum that, once evacuated by the hair shaft, makes the skin shiny.

2) Hyperkeratosis

Cells, in the hair shaft duct, can accumulate and form a blockage, thus preventing the release of sebum. A blackhead or a micro cyst is then formed.

3) Bacterial contamination

The blockage then becomes a target for bacteria, which is naturally present on the skin. The bacteria begins to multiply and feed on this blockage.

4) Inflammation

It is the worsening of the blockage which causes irritation and inflammation. These two phenomena lead to the formation of the red and painful acne pimple.

Find out more at the British Association of Dermatologist.

Current acne treatment

Simple, natural and efficient remedy for acne
Our derma-cosmetic laboratory offers a totally new non-pharmaceutical remedy:
The Akno Natura range, a treatment for acne that has produced superb results in many cases.

All of the active ingredients of the Complex Akno Natura are plant-based, biological and 100% natural. It can act as an alternative to medicinal treatments or be used as a complementary treatment to a medicinal program (we advise that you consult with your dermatologist before changing your treatment plan).

Its excellent results and its ease of use have made it an ever increasing choice for people suffering from skin imperfections (light to moderate acne).

And also...

1) Benzoyl Peroxide - external application for spots

Benzoyl peroxide is a chemical molecule. Discovered in 1856, it was first used in the plastics industry. Since1965, this molecule has been used in medicine against light to moderate acne.

Action: primarily bactericidal (no proven action on sebaceous secretions, very weak comedlytic action).

Form: gel, lotion, pad or cream, various concentrations (1% to 10%), according to the severity of the acne.

Disadvantages: Usage (can stain hair and clothes), no exposure to the sun and UV rays allowed, not to be used on sensitive areas such as the neck or neckline.

Principal risks: 1 out of 4 patients on average develop irritations, or even erythema and peeling. 5% of patients develop contact eczema.

Principal commercial names: Aknefug (lotion 5/10%): Switzerland, Akneroxud (gel 5%) Belgium, Switzerland, Brevoxyl: Belgium, France, United Kingdom, Cutacnyl: France, Effacne (gel 5%): France, Switzerland, Lubexyl (emulsion 4%): Switzerland, Pangel: Belgium, Pannoge (France), PanOxyl(gel 5/10 %): France, Switzerland, Canada, United Kingdom, OXY10 (cream 10%) United Kingdom.

2) Zinc-Oral ingestion, important to fight acne

Zinc is a natural trace element. Its anti-inflammatory action can be beneficial to fighting acne. It does not, however, have a proven, significant comedolytic, anti-bacterial or anti-seborrheic action.

It is therefore used as a complementary to local treatment.

Usage: Orally, in various concentrations, without prescription.

Risks: Digestive disorders in 1 out of 2, avoid if allergic to gluten.

Principal commercial names: Effizinc, Rubozinc, Centrum, Seven Seas, Bassets, Efalex.

To prevent the above mentioned disorders, we have developed our Pure Skin Capsules Akno Natura with a full re-balancing effect of zinc. Also with beta-carotene, vitamins C and E and Vitamin A to associate with your external phyto-care.

The Akno Natura Care is a comprehensive organic treatment.

3) Antibiotics in local or general applications against severe Acne

Antibiotics can treat acne effectively. However, the treatments are harsh, often constraining and prescribed in severe cases of acne and after initially having tried other less serious solutions.

Usage: Antibiotics can be treated locally (lotions, creams or gels) or taken orally.

Avoid: Pregnant women and young children.

Disadvantages: users must not expose themselves to the sun and UV rays, or use on sensitive areas such as the neck or neckline.

Risks: Headaches, tiredness and redness. These treatments are effective but often require permanent follow-up treatment, over many years, and must imperatively be stopped in the event of trying to get pregnant.

Orally: Beware of possible digestive disorders. Those allergic to tetracycline should avoid this route completely.

Principal commercial names: TOPICAL: Dalacin T, containing clindamycin; Akne-mycin/2000, Aknilox Gel, Eryaknen,Eryderm, Inderm, containing erythromycin. ORALLY: Compared to other antibiotics recommended in the acne treatment (doxycyclin, tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxamol,erythromycin), it is minocyclin, in the usual dosage of 50 mg, twice a day, which results in the best rate of Propionibacterium Acne elimination: Aknin-N,Aknoral, Mianc50, Minocin.

NEW: There are new antibiotics currently undergoing tests called azthromycin Zithromax, minocyclin (Minocin) with increased dosages (150 mg/day).