Psoriasis is a disease; the multiple causes of which are still unknown and inadequately researched explains why as to date, no drugs can fight this disease.
The only pharmaceutical or medical answers in use today all have the same objective: to bleach psoriasis, to (more or less) remove its traces and
leave the sufferer feeling more at ease, especially regarding the looks of others. However, its resurgence is inevitable.
Those with psoriasis or eczema are looking for an easy and effective treatment without negative side effects or leading to more damage.
Here is what the scientific community knows about psoriasis today: psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 2-5% of the population, both men and women.
The disease is represented by red patches covered with whitish flakes, which are raised from the skin.
The psoriasis patches are often located on the elbows, scalp and knees, but can also reach other parts of the body such as the face, the hands, the feet and the mucous membranes. Psoriasis is neither contagious nor allergy-based, but it is likely to be hereditary, in the form of a predisposition to developing the disease.
Psoriasis is a genetic disease, caused by a cluster of, not a single, gene, precipitated by environmental factors, both external: changes of season,
friction from clothing and internal risk factors, such as infectious diseases, psychological stress and taking certain types of medication.
Psoriasis has a strong impact on an individual's quality of life. Due to its unaesthetic aspect and its resilience, psoriasis often gives rise to feelings
of low self-worth, mental anguish and, with the passage of time, to depression.
Psoriatic people often have communication problems, particularly when their affected areas are visible, such as those on the face, scalp and hands.
Psychological traumas – emotional upsets, bereavement, relationship breakdown or physical shocks - accidents, surgical interventions – are frequently
the cause of first appearances and recurrences.
Moreover, stress provokes new psoriasis patches.
This results in making the affected person quickly become trapped in an vicious cycle.
There are two types of psoriasis
• Type I: where the disease appears in the child or the young adult, with family antecedents, accompanied by a rather rapid evolution.
• Type II: where psoriasis develops after 40 years, without family antecedents and accompanied by a more benign evolution.
With regard to the type of lesion, it is possible to distinguish:
- Psoriasis Vulgaris: It is undoubtedly the most widespread form: it applies to 95% of people affected by the disease.
The lesions, with well defined contours, are surrounded by a clear ring. This description covers various types of psoriasis lesions, which cause itching
in 60-70% of cases
- Plaque psoriasis: by far the most frequent, circular in shape.
- Guttate psoriasis: resembling small drops.
- Flexural psoriasis: characterised by round patches a few centimeters in diameter.
1) Pustular psoriasis
2) Erythrodermic psoriasis
To find out more information, we suggest you go to: psoriasis-association.org.uk
Cream is applied to affected areas. 60 to 70% of patients use this kind of treatment.
Some of the best known treatments are:
Corticosteroids - Containing cortisone. They have a favourable effect on psoriasis,
but patches often return when the treatment is stopped. The best known and most popular are: Diprosone (ointment or cream), Diprosalic lotion for the scalp.
Risks: Dependency, which results in increased usage over time, however cortisone cannot be used daily over a long period.
Risks: Resurgence of the disease.
Corticosteroid derivatives, treatments combining cortisone and calcipotrine (Vitamin D derivative) - Vitamin D is synthesized during exposure of the skin to the ultraviolet light of the sun. Calcipotrine treatments can thus replace, in particular, PUVA-therapy.
The most common are: Daivonex, Daivobet (calcipotriol betamethasone).
Risks: With a high dosage, Calcipotriol becomes toxic.
Potential to be slightly irritating to the skin.
Salicylic acid - best known: Salicylated vaseline 5%-10% (warning, not for children) – soothing action, known to alleviate fever. Used in preservatives. Anexeryl is an example.
Risks: Toxic in large quantities.
Tar - Very dirty and strong smelling, but effective. Found in particular shampoos containing Cade oil, tar or carbodome, Emollient bath oil (Caditar soap, Aveenoderm, Polytar). Another example is Coaltar.
Disadvantages: Soiling, requiring bandages for night time, and therefore very inconvenient.
PUVA - therapy (A or B ultraviolet rays) / Phototherapy – A recognised degree of effectiveness.
Variable tolerance level according to patients. Can be combined with other treatments.
Lengthy treatment: 8-10 weeks, with, generally, thrice-weekly dermatologist meetings.
Risks: Exposure to heliodermy (pigmentation) and risk of melanomas.
They treat the body as a whole, distributing the medication via the bloodstream. Generally used in stage 2 after having tried local treatments.
Systemic treatments are often heavy and can present mid to long term risks. 30-40% of patients take this route.
Methotrexate: Well-known with 70% good results.
Retinoids – Properties closely resembling Vitamin A, for serious types of psoriasis which do not respond to other therapies. Frequent resurgence after stopping of treatment. In particular Soriatane.
Risks: Can cause birth defects if patient is pregnant.
Soriatane: Can cause hair loss, dry lips and dryness of the mucous membranes.
Cyclosporine: Most powerful of these treatments. Immune-depressant, can produce positive effects, but also serious side effects mainly due to the weakening of the auto immune system.
Other risks: Renal toxicity, maximum 1 year duration.
NEW on the market!
ANTI-TNF ALPHAS: Some already on market but not earmarked for psoriasis.
Also new, Alefacept. Intravenous treatment. Long length remission.
Disadvantage: Time constraining and treatment is repeated.
Here are some natural treatments for psoriasis:
Pso Natura® … Naturally ! Pso Natura® is a 100% organic, foaming, regenerating Complex.
An organic, derma-cosmetic treatment, proven to deliver very convincing results to the problems of psoriasis flakes
with the use of our exclusive wild Carapa procera oil. Following customer demand, we have developed other complementary treatments to treat the outside and inside of your body, our Rich Restructuring Cream, Dermatological Shampoo and our Detox and Zen Capsules. The results speak for themselves as our customers have given excellent feedback !
Its advantages: Natural and organic, it does not induce dependency and is easy to apply.
Sylvie Méliet, the founder of Laboratoires Mascareignes, and a psoriatic for more than 20 years testifies: "The most effective answer I know.” Results tend to be seen within approximately 1 month.
Essential oils (Phytotherapy): Namely burdock, wild pansy and sarsaparilla, can be useful. Warning, often greasy and very pungent. Ill advised to self medicate as some oils can be very toxic for the body. Very progressive improvement (but slow).
Aloe Vera: Results are often visible, but very seldom entirely removes the traces. Most effective: Freshly collected Aloe Vera, which is not easy to find in the European climate.
Cures: Double objective for these cures: local applications of "active substances” combined with patient relaxation (important since psoriasis is triggered by stress). Relatively effective, but often of short duration when one returns to normal life. The best known are:
Dead Sea Cure for psoriasis: Minimum 2 weeks (avoid December & January, too little sun - and August, too much sun). Expensive, non-refundable (partially refunded by certain mutual insurance companies). Repeat visits necessary.
Icelandic Blue Lagoon Cure: 37 deg hot water lagoon deep in the Icelandic countryside. Care necessary when exiting the bath… Very expensive due to all the extras (taxis to the countryside, hotels etc), but generally effective. Repeat visits necessary.
Some 15 different cures in France (Avène, La Roche Posay etc…). 3 weeks. Total program similar to the above, sometimes with group discussions. Reduction of patches, rather than disappearance.
Homeopathy - More suitable for light psoriasis, less than 5 years. 3-4 months to see results and only in certain cases.
Chinese medicine - Based on the observation of the laws of energy circulation. Take care to find a genuine professional. This can be helpful.
Others include certain known methods of treatment, which can sometimes lead to results: Acupuncture, Sophrology, Hypnosis.
Nutritherapy : 3 best known alternatives
Nutritional methods by a Dr. Seignalet, who recommends returning to ancient food groups. Eating organic, removal of foodstuffs introduced by man. Very prone to controversy by experts.
There are also marine phospholipids, such as natural marine lecithin. Extracts of wild pelagic fish (rich in omega-3). Acts on liver, heart, brain. Could have virtues against psoriasis. Studies still in progress to confirm this. An example being Psoriacalm - 9 gel capsules per day, minimum 2 months treatment.
Warning: Could cause thinning of the blood. A particular warning for people following an anticoagulant treatment.
Probiotics for psoriasis: Lactic ferments and bifidus, believed to have an influence on our internal wellbeing and thus on psoriasis. Presented as gel capsules. Consult a naturopath.
Psychotherapy: To reconcile oneself to the problem of psoriasis, for clarity and to decrease stress. Why not? Even if results are hard to measure, you may resolve other issues in your life!